This report draws in part on a conference on “Rethinking U.S. Economic Strategy Towards China” held in Washington, D.C. on April 26, 2017. While the views expressed here are the author’s, he wishes to thank the following for their helpful comments and suggestions: Carolyn Bartholomew, Jacqueline Deal, David Epstein, Ziad Haider, Timothy Heath, Benjamin Lamont, Rory MacFarquhar, Andrew Marshall, Leland Miller, David Parker, Nadège Rolland, Daniel Rosen, Stephen Rosen, Abram Shulsky, Julian Snelder, David Stack, Matthew Turpin, Michael Vickers, and Larry Wortzel.


Aaron L. Friedberg is Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University, co-director of the Woodrow Wilson School’s Center for International Security Studies, and Vice Chair of the American Academy for Strategic Education. He is also a non-resident senior fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States and a Senior Advisor to the National Bureau of Asian Research. Friedberg is the author of The Weary Titan: Britain and the Experience of Relative Decline, 1895-1905 and In the Shadow of the Garrison State: America's Anti-Statism and its Cold War Grand Strategy, both published by Princeton University Press, and co-editor (with Richard Ellings) of three volumes in the National Bureau of Asian Research's annual "Strategic Asia" series. His third book, A Contest for Supremacy: China, America and the Struggle for Mastery in Asia, was published in 2011 by W.W. Norton and has been translated into Japanese, Chinese and Korean. His most recent monograph, Beyond Air-Sea Battle: The Debate Over U.S. Military Strategy in Asia was published in May 2014 as part of the International Institute for Strategic Studies' Adelphi Paper series. Dr. Friedberg served from June 2003 to June 2005 as Deputy Assistant for National Security Affairs in the office of the Vice President. After leaving government he was appointed to the Defense Policy Board and the Secretary of State’s Advisory Committee on Democracy Promotion. Friedberg received his AB in 1978 and his PhD in 1986, both from Harvard University. He is a member of the editorial boards of Joint Forces Quarterly and The Journal of Strategic Studies and a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies and the Council on Foreign Relations.


Founded in 2012, the American Academy for Strategic Education (AASE) is a Washington, DC-based non-profit organization dedicated to educating a rising generation of strategic thinkers in the United States and improving strategic thought about contemporary U.S. national security policy. AASE’s flagship Net Assessment and Competitive Strategy course has been conducted for eight cohorts of students in Washington, DC, and included officers from each of the military service branches, Congressional staffers, civilian defense and intelligence analysts, and scholars from leading think tanks and academic programs. AASE also supports original research on topics related to U.S. national security policy.